Hydrogen fuel cells are widely used for internal combustion engine technology that helps to convert fuel into kinetic energy and considered as around 25% efficient. Apart from this, the hydrogen fuel cells are used for production of electricity by combining hydrogen with air and widely used for different end-use industries. There are different gas diffusion layers (GDL) in the hydrogen fuel cells which are placed either side that allows to flow reactant gases through it. Moreover, due to the onset of COVID-19 pandemic, the demand hydrogen fuel cells decrease rapidly in manufacturing and other major sectors as the strict lockdown imposed by several governments around the world forced to shut down all the manufacturing activities. According to International Energy Agency (IEA), present hydrogen demand from oil refining, steel manufacturing, and the chemicals sector has been hampered by the COVID-19 outbreak. Apart from this, all the supply chain and transportation channels where disrupted, which also impacted the demand for hydrogen fuel cell gas diffusion layer market.
Moreover, increasing use of hydrogen fuel cell in different applications such as steel production, oil refining, ammonia production, and methanol production, among others, whereas hydrogen fuel cell has zero emission of gases as compared to other fuels and considered as one of the environment friendly alternative. Further, in transport sector, the effectiveness of hydrogen fuel cell cars depends on fuel cell cost as well as refueling stations, whereas for the trucks the main priority is to reduce delivered cost of the hydrogen. In addition, aviation and shipping industry have inadequate low carbon fuel choices, which are accessible and represent the opportunity for hydrogen based fuel cells. Thereby, driving the demand for hydrogen fuel cells in different industries and hence enhancing the growth of the market. Furthermore, hydrogen fuel cell gas diffusion layer are available in different types such as carbon paper and carbon cloth, whereas carbon cloth has the largest market share and it is expected to witness highest share in the forecast period.
The hydrogen fuel cell gas diffusion layer are used in different applications such as hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell and hydrocarbon fuel cell. Some of the key players in the global hydrogen fuel cell gas diffusion layer market are Toray Industries, INC., Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation, SGL Carbon SE, AvCarb LLC, CeTech Co., Ltd., Freudenberg SE, Teijin Limited, FuelCellsEtc, The Chemours Company and Spectracarb (Engineered Fibers Technology, LLC).
Trends and Future Outlook:
- Increasing government expenditure on research and development of hydrogen energy, which has increased the demand for hydrogen technologies in different countries across the world
- Hydrogen fuel cells are considered as energy efficient than any other traditional combustion fuels and hence it has high demand in various end-use industries.